Advanced English Dialogue for Business – Floating rate

Listen to a Business English Dialogue About Floating rate

Piper: Hi Lillian, have you heard of a “floating rate” in finance?

Lillian: Yes, a floating rate is an interest rate that can change over time, typically based on an underlying benchmark rate such as LIBOR or the prime rate.

Piper: That’s right. How do floating rates differ from fixed rates?

Lillian: Fixed rates remain constant throughout the loan or investment period, while floating rates can fluctuate in response to changes in market conditions.

Piper: I see. What are some examples of financial products that use floating rates?

Lillian: Some examples include adjustable-rate mortgages, floating-rate bonds, and certain types of loans like student loans or business loans.

Piper: Got it. How do borrowers and investors benefit from floating rates?

Lillian: Borrowers may benefit from lower initial interest rates and potential savings if market interest rates decrease, while investors may benefit from higher yields if market rates rise.

Piper: That sounds beneficial. Are there any risks associated with floating rates?

Lillian: Yes, one risk is that interest rates may rise, leading to higher borrowing costs for borrowers and potentially lower bond prices for investors holding floating-rate securities.

Piper: I see. How do lenders or issuers determine the floating rate?

Lillian: The floating rate is typically determined by adding a margin to the underlying benchmark rate, with the margin reflecting factors such as credit risk, market conditions, and the terms of the loan or bond.

Piper: Thanks for explaining, Lillian. Floating rates seem like an important consideration for both borrowers and investors.

Lillian: You’re welcome, Piper. Understanding floating rates can help individuals and businesses make informed decisions about managing their finances and investments.