Advanced English Dialogue for Business – Fixed exchange rate

Listen to a Business English Dialogue about Fixed exchange rate

Brian: Hey Emily, do you know what a fixed exchange rate is in finance?

Emily: Yeah, I think it’s when a country’s government or central bank sets the value of its currency relative to another currency and maintains it at that level.

Brian: Exactly. With a fixed exchange rate, the government or central bank typically intervenes in the foreign exchange market to buy or sell its currency to keep it within the predetermined range.

Emily: Why do countries choose to implement a fixed exchange rate?

Brian: Fixed exchange rates can provide stability and predictability for international trade and investment, as businesses can plan and budget without worrying about fluctuating exchange rates.

Emily: Are there any disadvantages to a fixed exchange rate system?

Brian: One disadvantage is that countries may need to sacrifice independent monetary policy, as they have to adjust their interest rates and money supply to maintain the fixed rate.

Emily: Can you give an example of a country with a fixed exchange rate?

Brian: Sure, China’s yuan used to be fixed to the U.S. dollar, although they have since moved towards a more flexible exchange rate system.

Emily: How does a fixed exchange rate differ from a floating exchange rate?

Brian: In a floating exchange rate system, the value of a currency is determined by market forces of supply and demand, without government intervention.

Emily: Thanks for explaining that, Brian. Fixed exchange rates seem like they have both pros and cons.

Brian: No problem, Emily. They’re a crucial aspect of international finance, but they require careful management to ensure stability and competitiveness.