Advanced English Dialogue for Business – Federal insurance contributors act

Listen to a Business English Dialogue About Federal insurance contributors act

Dennis: Hey Victoria, have you heard of the Federal Insurance Contributors Act?

Victoria: No, I’m not familiar with it. What does it involve?

Dennis: The Federal Insurance Contributors Act, also known as FICA, is a U.S. federal law that mandates payroll taxes to fund Social Security and Medicare programs.

Victoria: Oh, I see. So, it’s related to funding social welfare programs?

Dennis: Yes, exactly. Employees and employers contribute a portion of their wages to fund these programs, which provide financial assistance and healthcare benefits to eligible individuals.

Victoria: Are there specific tax rates or percentages mandated by FICA?

Dennis: Yes, under FICA, employees and employers each contribute a percentage of the employee’s wages to Social Security and Medicare. Currently, the Social Security tax rate is 6.2% for both employees and employers, while the Medicare tax rate is 1.45%.

Victoria: How does FICA impact workers and businesses?

Dennis: FICA taxes contribute to the funding of Social Security and Medicare, which provide retirement, disability, and healthcare benefits to millions of Americans.

Victoria: Are there any exemptions or exceptions to FICA taxes?

Dennis: Certain categories of workers, such as self-employed individuals and certain religious groups, may have different rules or exemptions from FICA taxes.

Victoria: Is FICA a significant source of revenue for the government?

Dennis: Yes, FICA taxes are a substantial source of revenue for funding Social Security and Medicare programs, which are critical for supporting retirees and providing healthcare services.

Victoria: Thanks for explaining, Dennis. FICA seems like an important mechanism for financing social welfare programs in the United States.