Advanced English Dialogue for Business – European currency unit

Listen to a Business English Dialogue About European currency unit

Elise: Hi Gabriel, have you ever heard of the European Currency Unit?

Gabriel: Hi Elise, yes, the European Currency Unit, or ECU, was a basket of currencies used by the European Economic Community before the euro was introduced.

Elise: Right, Gabriel. It was established in 1979 as a precursor to the euro and served as a unit of account for financial transactions among member countries.

Gabriel: Exactly, Elise. The ECU was based on a weighted average of the currencies of member states, providing stability and facilitating trade and economic integration within the European Union.

Elise: That’s correct, Gabriel. However, with the adoption of the euro as the single currency of the eurozone in 1999, the ECU ceased to exist as a distinct monetary unit.

Gabriel: Right, Elise. The introduction of the euro replaced the ECU, streamlining currency transactions and fostering deeper economic ties among member countries.

Elise: Indeed, Gabriel. Today, the euro serves as the official currency of 19 of the 27 European Union member states, promoting economic stability and facilitating cross-border trade and investment.

Gabriel: Absolutely, Elise. The transition from the ECU to the euro marked a significant milestone in European monetary integration, contributing to the strength and resilience of the European economy.