Advanced English Dialogue for Business – Cash basis

Listen to a Business English Dialogue About Cash basis

John: Hi Victoria, do you know what “cash basis” means in business and finance?

Victoria: Yes, I do. Cash basis accounting is a method of recording income and expenses when they are actually received or paid, rather than when they are incurred or earned.

John: That’s correct. It’s a straightforward accounting method commonly used by small businesses and individuals for its simplicity.

Victoria: How does cash basis accounting differ from accrual basis accounting?

John: In accrual basis accounting, transactions are recorded when they occur, regardless of when cash is exchanged, providing a more accurate picture of a company’s financial position.

Victoria: Can you give an example of cash basis accounting?

John: Sure, if a business sells a product and receives payment immediately, it records the revenue at the time of payment, even if the product was delivered earlier.

Victoria: And how about an example of accrual basis accounting?

John: In accrual basis accounting, if a business provides a service in January but doesn’t receive payment until February, it records the revenue in January when the service was provided.

Victoria: What are the advantages of using cash basis accounting?

John: Cash basis accounting is simpler to understand and implement, making it suitable for small businesses with straightforward transactions.

Victoria: Are there any limitations to using cash basis accounting?

John: Yes, cash basis accounting may not accurately reflect a company’s financial position or performance, especially if it has significant accounts receivable or accounts payable.

Victoria: How do businesses decide which accounting method to use?

John: The choice between cash basis and accrual basis accounting depends on factors such as the size of the business, its industry, and regulatory requirements.

Victoria: Thanks for explaining, John. Cash basis accounting seems like a useful option for certain businesses.

John: You’re welcome, Victoria. It’s important for businesses to choose the accounting method that best suits their needs and circumstances.