Advanced English Dialogue for Business – Book ratios

Listen to a Business English Dialogue About Book ratios

Brian: Hey Ruby, have you ever looked into book ratios in finance?

Ruby: No, I haven’t. What are they?

Brian: Book ratios are measurements that show the relationship between a company’s financial data found in its balance sheet and income statement.

Ruby: That sounds important. What kind of ratios are there?

Brian: Well, there’s the price-to-book ratio, which compares a company’s market value to its book value per share.

Ruby: How is the price-to-book ratio useful for investors?

Brian: It helps investors gauge whether a stock is overvalued or undervalued based on its accounting value versus its market price.

Ruby: Are there other book ratios investors use?

Brian: Yes, there’s the debt-to-equity ratio, which measures a company’s debt relative to its shareholders’ equity.

Ruby: So, a lower debt-to-equity ratio means the company relies less on debt financing?

Brian: Exactly. It shows how much of the company’s funding comes from investors versus creditors.

Ruby: That makes sense. Are there any other ratios we should know about?

Brian: Another important one is the return on equity ratio, which measures how effectively a company is using its shareholders’ equity to generate profit.

Ruby: Sounds like these ratios give a good overview of a company’s financial health.

Brian: Absolutely. They’re valuable tools for investors to assess potential investments and make informed decisions.

Ruby: Thanks for explaining, Brian. I’ll definitely look into these ratios more.

Brian: No problem, Ruby. Always happy to help. Let me know if you have any other questions about finance.