Advanced English Dialogue for Business – Calendar spread

Listen to a Business English Dialogue About Calendar spread

Ellie: Hi Christopher, have you heard of a calendar spread in finance? It’s an options trading strategy involving the simultaneous purchase and sale of options contracts with different expiration dates.

Christopher: Oh, interesting. How does a calendar spread work?

Ellie: Well, traders typically buy a longer-term option contract and sell a shorter-term option contract with the same strike price, betting on the underlying asset’s price staying relatively stable over time.

Christopher: Are there any risks associated with calendar spreads?

Ellie: Yes, there are. If the underlying asset’s price moves significantly in either direction, it can result in losses for the trader, especially if the movement occurs before the shorter-term option expires.

Christopher: Can you give an example of how a calendar spread might be used?

Ellie: Sure, let’s say a trader believes a stock will remain relatively stable over the next few months but expects volatility in the short term. They might buy a longer-term call option and sell a shorter-term call option to profit from the difference in premiums.

Christopher: How do traders determine which expiration dates to use for a calendar spread?

Ellie: Traders typically consider factors like market volatility, expected price movements, and their outlook for the underlying asset when selecting expiration dates for a calendar spread.

Christopher: Are there any adjustments traders can make to calendar spreads?

Ellie: Yes, if the underlying asset’s price moves significantly, traders can adjust their positions by rolling the short-term option to a different expiration date or by closing out the spread altogether.

Christopher: Thanks for explaining, Ellie. Calendar spreads seem like a versatile strategy for options traders.

Ellie: You’re welcome, Christopher. They offer opportunities for profit in various market conditions but require careful analysis and risk management.