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New TOEIC Reading Test Format

The Test of English for International Communication, commonly known as TOEIC, is an esteemed evaluation tool used by companies, educational institutions, and professionals around the globe to gauge English language proficiency in a business setting. The TOEIC Reading Test is one of the key components of the TOEIC exam that assesses the reading and comprehension capabilities of candidates. If you're preparing for the TOEIC or just curious about what it entails, here's an in-depth look at the Reading Test.

Duration and Structure

The TOEIC Reading Test is carefully designed to examine a participant's aptitude in understanding written English in various formats and contexts. Lasting for 75 minutes, this test requires candidates to navigate through a range of texts and respond to a series of reading comprehension questions.

The test is divided into three distinct parts, with each section having its own set of instructions. Test-takers are advised to answer as many questions as possible within the provided time to maximize their score.

Breakdown of the Sections

  1. Reading Part 1: Incomplete Sentences

    • In this section, participants are presented with sentences that have a word or phrase omitted. The challenge is to make sense of the sentence and identify the most fitting word or phrase from the four options provided. Once the correct choice is determined, candidates should mark the corresponding letter, whether it be (A), (B), (C), or (D), on the answer sheet. This segment evaluates the test-taker's grammar, vocabulary, and ability to understand sentence context.
  2. Reading Part 2: Text Completion

    • Similar to Part 1 but with a broader scope, this section presents candidates with texts, such as short paragraphs or passages, with missing words or phrases. The task remains the same: choose the most appropriate option from the four given and mark it on the answer sheet. This part of the test emphasizes the candidate's ability to understand the broader context, coherence, and cohesion of a text.
  3. Reading Part 3: Reading Comprehension

    • Diving into more extensive reading materials, this segment introduces test-takers to diverse texts like magazine and newspaper articles, e-mails, and instant messages. After reading each text or set of texts, several questions related to them will be posed. These questions measure a participant's skill in grasping main ideas, details, inferences, and the author's intent.

Common TOEIC Reading Comprehension Question Types

The Reading section, in particular, probes a participant's understanding through various types of questions. To excel in the TOEIC Reading section, it's essential to familiarize oneself with its diverse question types. Let's delve deep into the types of comprehension questions you may encounter:

1. Main Idea Questions

These questions aim to assess a reader's ability to grasp the central theme or primary message of the given text. It requires a holistic understanding rather than a focus on isolated details.

Example Questions:

  • The main idea of this article is...
  • What is the purpose of the notice?
  • For whom is the report intended?

Tips: Look for recurring themes or concepts in the passage, and avoid being misled by details that don't align with the overall topic.

2. Fact Questions

Fact questions focus on specific details presented in the reading material. They test the reader's capability to identify and remember explicit pieces of information.

Example Questions:

  • Who did what?
  • How many...?
  • According to the article, what...?

Tips: Highlight or make a mental note of names, numbers, dates, and specific events as you read.

3. Negative Fact Questions

These questions are a twist on Fact Questions. Instead of asking about information that was given, they ask about what wasn't mentioned or which detail is false.

Example Questions:

  • Which of the following is NOT true about X?
  • What is NOT a requirement...?

Tips: Read all the options carefully. Three of them will have direct correlations to the text, while one will not.

4. Implied Inference Questions

These questions test the ability to read between the lines. They require understanding not just what is directly stated, but also what is indirectly suggested or hinted at.

Example Questions:

  • What can we infer from this passage?
  • Who is the memo written for?
  • What will most likely occur?

Tips: Look for contextual clues and try to understand the author's tone and intent.

5. Implied Purpose Questions

These questions delve into the reason behind the text's existence. Understanding the writer's motivation or the text's intended impact on readers is crucial.

Example Questions:

  • Why was this article written?
  • What is the purpose of this article?

Tips: Consider the genre of the text (e.g., an advertisement, a complaint letter, a news report) to deduce its primary objective.

6. Vocabulary Questions

Vocabulary questions evaluate a reader's understanding of particular words in context. They often challenge the test-taker to pick synonyms or explain the meaning of a term based on how it's used in the passage.

Example Questions:

  • The word “X” is closest in meaning to...

Tips: Don't rely solely on a word's direct dictionary definition. Instead, understand its meaning based on the surrounding context.


10 Proven Tips to Boost Your TOEIC Reading Comprehension Score

The Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) is a globally recognized standard of English proficiency for non-native speakers. The Reading Comprehension section, in particular, gauges one's ability to understand a variety of texts, ranging from emails to advertisements. So, how can you boost your TOEIC reading score? Here are ten proven tips to help you ace it!

  1. Understand the Test Format

    • Familiarize yourself with the types of questions you'll encounter: Main Idea, Fact Questions, Negative Fact Questions, Inferred Purpose, and Vocabulary Questions, among others.
    • Knowing what to expect reduces anxiety and allows you to focus on your comprehension skills.
  2. Increase Your Reading Stamina

    • The test is 75 minutes long. Regularly practice reading English texts for extended periods to increase your reading stamina and concentration.
  3. Expand Your Vocabulary

    • Maintain a daily vocabulary journal. Note down new words, their meanings, and example sentences.
    • Flashcards can be beneficial for vocabulary memorization.
  4. Practice Skimming and Scanning

    • Skimming involves quickly going through a passage to get a general sense of its content.
    • Scanning is about quickly locating specific information. This technique is especially helpful for Fact Questions.
  5. Focus on Main Ideas

    • For every passage you practice, identify its main idea. This is essential for answering main idea questions and will give you a clearer understanding of the entire passage.
  6. Watch Out for Negative Questions

    • Questions that ask what is NOT mentioned or what is NOT true require special attention. Make sure you understand what the question is asking before answering.
  7. Practice Inference

    • TOEIC often asks about implied information. Whenever you read an English article, ask yourself, "What is the author hinting at?" or "What can be inferred from this?"
  8. Time Management

    • It's essential not to spend too much time on a single question. If you're stuck, make a best guess, mark it for review, and move on.
  9. Familiarize Yourself with Common Topics

    • TOEIC readings cover specific topics such as business, travel, and daily office communications. Being familiar with common terms and scenarios can make comprehending passages easier.
  10. Review Regularly

  • After each practice test, review your mistakes. Understand why you got a question wrong and learn from it.


Mastering the TOEIC Reading comprehension section requires understanding both the language and the types of questions you'll face. Regular practice and exposure to diverse reading materials can aid in honing the skills needed. By being aware of these question types and employing strategic reading practices, you can approach the TOEIC Reading test with greater confidence and precision.

Improving your TOEIC Reading Comprehension score is a combination of enhancing your English reading skills and understanding the test's intricacies. Remember, consistent practice and review are the keys. The more you familiarize yourself with the test and the more you engage with English in your daily life, the better your chances of achieving a high score.

Practice the TOEIC reading comprehension tests below to improve your reading score. Practice makes perfect!


I. TOEIC® Test Part 6: Mastering Text Completion

Navigating the TOEIC® Reading Test requires a good grasp of the English language, both in terms of grammar and comprehension. One of the sections, Part 6, tests this ability through Text Completion exercises. Let's dive deep into what this entails and how to approach it effectively.


Part 6 of the TOEIC® Reading Test involves four concise reading passages or texts. These could be in the form of letters, memos, instructions, ads, articles, e-mails, or notices. Within each of these passages, test-takers will encounter three sentences that are missing words or phrases. Their task is to choose the most fitting word or phrase from the options provided to complete these sentences.

QUICK GUIDE: Text Completion

  • Definition:

    • Part 6 stands out as a litmus test for reading comprehension. It assesses your capability to integrate both grammar and vocabulary knowledge within a reading context, and to discern the meaning and usage of words and phrases in their surrounding context.
  • Targeted Skills:

    • Success in Part 6 hinges on one's ability to pinpoint the apt usage of English grammar and vocabulary. This extends to discerning the right context in which a word or expression should be used.
  • Completion Types:

    • Items in this part consist of sentences within a text that are missing key words or phrases. The test elements here echo the vocabulary, word forms, and grammar aspects touched upon in Part 5. A unique feature of Part 6 is the emphasis on 'Words in Context'. Here, among four grammatically correct words, the test-taker must choose the one that best fits the surrounding context.
  • Things to Watch For:

    • Beware of distracters! These are incorrect options designed to divert you. They often take the form of words that sound similar, phrasal verbs that might seem right but aren't,
    • inaccurate word forms, or unsuitable grammar structures. For some items, while all options may be grammatically viable, the distracters won't align contextually with the sentence.

What You’ll Do:

Within Part 6, your main task is to identify the most suitable answer to fill in each blank. As an example:

  • The first sentence may demand a grammar-centric approach.
  • The second sentence might challenge your understanding of word meanings.
  • The third sentence could test your grasp on the practical use of a word.

To make informed choices, always study the surrounding context of the sentences. The adjacent words or phrases can offer invaluable clues in determining the best fit for each sentence completion.

II. Understanding Text Completion Passage Types

In the TOEIC® Test, Part 6 challenges test-takers with Text Completion tasks, requiring them to fill in sentences that are part of larger passages. Being familiar with the various passage types appearing in this section is vital for effective preparation and achieving a high score. Below, we provide a concise breakdown of these passage types:

1. Letters

  • Nature: Formal
  • Characteristics:
    • Commonly used for official communication outside a company.
    • Examples include correspondence between a company and a customer or between employees from two distinct companies.

2. E-mails

  • Nature: Informal
  • Characteristics:
    • Predominantly used for communication within the same company.
    • Can be between two colleagues or different departments within the same company.

3. Memos

  • Nature: Semi-formal to formal
  • Characteristics:
    • Usually addressed to several individuals within the same company.
    • Purposed to share office-related information, such as:
      • Policy changes
      • Company-wide announcements
      • Notices of closures or significant events

4. Ads

  • Nature: Informative and persuasive
  • Characteristics:
    • Aim to inform the audience about a product or service.
    • Regularly highlight aspects like:
      • Special promotions or discounts
      • Exclusive product features
      • Competitive pricing or offers

5. Instructions

  • Nature: Informative and directive
  • Characteristics:
    • Offer guidance on utilizing a product or service.
    • Could include directions on specific tasks, such as assembling a product or returning an item.

6. Articles

  • Nature: Informative and sometimes analytical
  • Characteristics:
    • Comparable to pieces found in newspapers or magazines.
    • Topics could range from:
      • Financial news or updates
      • Details about recent research or studies
      • News specific to a particular industry or field

7. Notices

  • Nature: Informative and concise
  • Characteristics:
    • Designed to disseminate information about forthcoming events, such as workshops, seminars, or meetings.


III. Expert Tips for Success

One of the key sections of the TOEIC Reading Test is Text Completion, where test-takers have to fill in missing words or phrases in given texts. While it might sound straightforward, mastering this section requires a blend of strategy, practice, and awareness. Here are some expert tips to help you excel in TOEIC Reading Text Completion:

1. Understand the Context:

Before zeroing in on an answer, always read the entire passage to get a feel for its overall context. This will provide invaluable clues about the content, tone, and purpose, which will guide your choices.

2. Familiarize Yourself with Common Passage Types:

Knowing the nature of typical texts in this section - like letters, e-mails, memos, ads, and articles - can give you an edge. For example, if you know you're reading an ad, you'll expect promotional language or features of a product.

3. Watch Out for Distracters:

The options provided will often include distracters - words or phrases that may seem correct at first glance but are designed to mislead. Always be wary of choices that seem out of place in terms of tone, context, or grammar.

4. Brush Up on Grammar and Vocabulary:

While comprehension and context are vital, it's equally important to have a solid grasp of English grammar and vocabulary. Ensure you're comfortable with various tenses, prepositions, phrasal verbs, and common business terms.

5. Use Process of Elimination:

If you're unsure about an answer, try eliminating the most obviously incorrect options first. This narrows down your choices and increases your chances of selecting the right answer.

6. Practice with Mock Tests:

The more you practice, the more patterns you'll recognize, and the better you'll become at identifying the correct answers quickly. Make use of mock tests and time yourself to get a feel of the actual exam scenario.

7. Don't Overthink:

While it's essential to be cautious, don't spend too much time overanalyzing a single question. If you're stuck, it's okay to move on and come back to it later. Remember, time management is crucial.

8. Consider All Given Options:

Before making a choice, ensure you've read and considered all the given options. Sometimes, a later option might fit the context better than an earlier one.

9. Trust Your Instincts:

In many cases, your first instinct is often correct. If you've read a lot and exposed yourself to various English texts, trust your gut feeling.

10. Review, But Wisely:

If time permits, review your answers. However, be careful about changing answers unless you're sure of an oversight. Research has shown that initial choices are often more accurate.

IV. For effective skimming:

• Begin by identifying the type of the passage. Understanding its purpose will help you determine its intended audience and find relevant information.

• Overlook adjectives and articles such as "a," "an," and "the."

• Mentally catalog the kind of vocabulary present. This aids in making educated guesses about unknown or specialized terms.

• Spot transition words and the concepts they link.

• Observe the presence of numbers, dates, proper nouns, and technical or scientific terms in the passage.

V. In summary

Mastering Part 6 of the TOEIC® Reading Test requires a balanced blend of grammar knowledge, vocabulary skills, and an astute sense of context. Approaching this section with a systematic strategy can help test-takers optimize their performance and secure a commendable score. Understanding the nature and characteristics of these passage types can significantly aid in decoding the context and selecting the most appropriate answers for the Text Completion tasks in Part 6 of the TOEIC® Test. Familiarity with these passages ensures that test-takers are not caught off guard and can approach this section with confidence.

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