Understanding "Have", "Has", and "Had": A Deep Dive

"Have", "has", and "had" are integral components of English grammar, serving as both auxiliary and main verbs. Understanding their appropriate usage is key to mastering the language. Let's explore these verbs in detail.

1. What are "have", "has", and "had"?

Have and has are the present forms of the verb, while had is the past form. As main verbs, they denote possession, obligation, relationships, or certain bodily sensations.


  • I have two brothers.
  • She has a car.
  • They had a house in the countryside.

2. What Tense Uses "have", "has", and "had"?


  • Present Simple Tense: Used to denote habits, facts, and general truths.

    Example: She has a pet parrot.


  • Past Simple Tense: Used to describe actions or states that were completed in the past.

    Example: We had dinner at 8 pm yesterday.

Have/Has + Past Participle:

  • Present Perfect Tense: Used to describe actions or states that happened at an unspecified time in the past and may be connected to the present.

    Example: He has visited Paris several times.

Had + Past Participle:

  • Past Perfect Tense: Used to describe actions or states that happened before another past action or state.

    Example: She had left the room before I arrived.

3. How to Use "have", "has", and "had" in Sentences

  • As Main Verbs (indicating possession, relationships, or certain sensations):


    • They have three children.
    • She has a headache.
    • We had a great time at the beach.
  • As Auxiliary Verbs (forming perfect tenses or expressing necessity/obligation):


    • I have finished my work.
    • She has been to London.
    • They had eaten before we arrived.
    • I have to leave now.

4. Cases Where "have", "has", and "had" Shouldn't Be Used

While "have", "has", and "had" are versatile, there are contexts where they're not appropriate:

  • When talking about actions that are in progress (continuous tenses):

    Incorrect: She has having a bath. Correct: She is having a bath.

  • In simple future tense:

    Incorrect: Tomorrow, I have a meeting at 10 am. Correct: Tomorrow, I will have a meeting at 10 am.

  • When a different verb is more suitable:

    Incorrect: I have a belief in magic. Correct: I believe in magic.

In summary, "have", "has", and "had" are pivotal in English grammar. They can express possession, relationships, and more. When used as auxiliary verbs, they help form perfect tenses. However, it's important to recognize the contexts where they shouldn't be used, ensuring clarity and grammatical accuracy.

5. What are the differences among "Have/Has/Had" in English?

This test was designed for you to practice "Have/Has/Had". The test has 20 questions. Before taking the test, please read the following tips about "Have/Has/Had".


- Have Forms 

I/You/We/They + Have + ... - (Simple Present Tense)

Do + I/You/We/They + Have + ...? - (Simple Present Tense)

Does + He/She/It + Have + ...? - (Simple Present Tense)

I/You/We/They + Have + Verb (PP) + ... - (Present Perfect Tense)

Have + I/You/We/They + Verb (PP) + ... ? - (Present Perfect Tense)


- Has Forms 

 He/She/It + Has (Simple Present Tense)

He/She/It + Has + Verb (PP) + ... - (Present Perfect Tense)

Has + He/She/It + Verb (PP) + ... ? - (Present Perfect Tense)


- Had Forms 

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Had + ... - (Past Simple Tenses)

Ex: I had a car last year.

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Had + Verb (PP) + ... - (Past Participle Tenses)

Had + I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Verb (PP) + ... ? - (Past Participle Tenses)


Now You'll take a "Have/Has/Had" test.

Sponsored links